Guns continued to be improved while others were phased out. Until the M10 tank destroyer became available, the Army used this expedient to provide units with a mobile antitank gun. Each infantry division had another artillery battalion equipped with the tractor-drawn M1 155mm howitzer with a range almost 14,600 meters (nine miles). Red Legs of the Bulge FB page. hey just reminding you it is past the first week in dec thanks. That happened to most of the 589th FAB survivors. Such was the case with many African American artillery battalions. Using the vernacular of today, they could be described as a heavy weapons company on steroids. That was repeatedly confirmed during the war. The aim of this practice was to enhance the effectiveness of the artillery/infantry team by having the same units habitually fight together, and it was largely successful. This way the additional fire support went where it was needed quickly. John Schafner, U.S. Army Ret., Email interivews. Panzer divisions that the Germans were also forced to commit to a defensive role had similar experiences. *ATP 3-09.23. The German front was always close to breaking so units were deployed at that front as soon as they arrived. Thank you for so quickly getting back to me. All we had to go on was a name from my gran. Just hit "Contact CJ Kelly.". At best, the German artillery arm was “competent but uninspired.”  As Historian Michael Doubler put it in his book, Closing with the Enemy:  How GIs Fought the War in Europe, 1944-1945, “By the summer of 1944 the field artillery had proven itself to be the most brilliant performer in the American combined arms team.”  General George S. Patton, commander of Third Army, also praised the artillery, stating, “I do not have to tell you who won the war. Belton Cooper, a veteran of the 3d Armored Division and author of Deathtraps:  The Survival of an American Armored Division on World War II, considered them one of the Army’s best pieces of equipment. This included self-propelled units such as the 275th Armored Field Artillery, who were positioned just north of the 106th. Hi Mr. Kelly- I did not have much luck on the 4th Infantry Division Association Page in finding anything on the 20th Field Artillery Batallion- do you have any other page suggestions- any advice is much appreciated! We did learn the story of when he was wounded by a landmine near Monchau while looking for a break in the wire. Gimme a couple of weeks. The 100th Battalion was absorbed into the 442RCT as its 1st battalion. Their highly accurate, high-velocity guns were excellent for engaging fortifications and in an indirect fire role. One of the members of the 83rd group. That is the most likely reason your dad was moved to the 196th. 105mm ammo crew arming shells during the Battle of the Bulge (591st FAB -106th ID). The three 105mm battalion were assigned to one of the three infantry regiments to support, forming a combat team. Battalions were also formed into field artillery groups of various calibers. The Army Historical Foundation is the designated official fundraising organization for the National Museum of the United States Army. To be commissioned those ROTC cadets had to attend OCS after going through basic training and AIT. Junior commanders were expected to use their own initiative. Any information you have would be great - I'm just trying to put together some detailed information for my sons about their grandfather who served in World War 2. Artillery Battalions in World War II - Owlcation - Education He apparently has a lot pics, etc. Thx. But of course, I want More information! This listing does not reflect the organization for combat. If you have a photo and bio for your dad, I would love to add him to the Red Leg of the Week feature I do. Duty as an observer usually occurred on a rotating basis for the officers of each battery within the battalion. Getting the timing right can be tricky and slow the rate of firing. That was clear to thoughtful observers at the time. Many of the specialists were also grouped into sections and personnel from both the communications section and survey teams often were part of forward observation teams. Thank you for any other sources that I can be directed to. CJ Kelly-- We have corresponded before (see way below); my dad was the CO of the 908FAB B Btry, 83rd Inf Div. The artillery did.”   The U.S. Army’s artillery refers to itself as the “King of Battle,” and its performance in Europe in World War II allowed it to rightfully claim that title. A Russian slave laborer told them that when they had occupied the farm a German captain had been on leave there and had stayed behind with a radio when the rest of the defenders pulled out. Later in the war, field commissions for qualified noncoms became commonplace. https://www.globalsecurity.org/military/agency/arm... CJ Kelly (author) from the PNW on May 14, 2020: Mr. Poore, thank you very much. The officers’ jobs within the battery varied. I use the word approximately because once combat operations began, it was rare for any unit (Division, Battalion, Regimental, etc.) The M10 was eventually phased out in favor of the M18 (nicknamed the “Hellcat”), a smaller, faster vehicle that mounted a high-velocity 76mm gun. Part of the reason American artillery was so effective was good forward observation. Crew of 105mm (M2). I have an artillery tribute page and try to put up a "Red Leg of the Week" feature a few times a year. The four divisions fighting on the northern shoulder of the Battle of the Bulge went even further. He had been under Japanese artillery fire on the island of Luzon when a spotter airplane came on the scene and silenced the Japanese battery by its mere presence. Thank you. Germany continued to improve its tanks, so the Army developed the M36, which carried a 90mm antiaircraft gun. Any help will be appreciated in regards to my questions and my uncle's records. Those are solid rubber tires. https://www.militaryhistoryonline.com/wwii/usarmy/... http://indianhead-roster.com/roster/15th-field-art... https://83rdinfdivdocs.org/units/908th-fa-bn/. Thanks! Or you can go to FB, and message me. Please take as long as you need. When the situation was more fluid, as was the case in the summer and fall of 1944, the observation team may stay with a particular infantry unit for an extended time. I am doing a blog about the 100 letters my uncle Charles D Knight wrote home while in Europe in the 15th FAB section B using the 105mm howitzer. America built several such tank destroyers on a tracked chassis with a lightly armored, open topped turret. As mentioned earlier, the first mobile tank destroyers consisted of 75mm guns mounted on half-tracks. I'll keep looking and get back to you. By the time tank destroyers were ready for employment, the days of Blitzkrieg were over but they remained successful in engaging German armor. CJ Kelly (author) from the PNW on June 27, 2020: Hi Ms. Goetschi, great to hear from you. I'm trying to trace where he was during WWII. Many of them had graduated from college, but had not completed the summer training after their junior year required for commissioning. The Allied artillery had a number of different types of impacts on the Normandy campaign and taken together their effect was huge. Later in the Battle of the Bulge, artillery provided the same protection. Thanks for the quick response and that would be amazing if you could turn up something to add to our story. He did not talk much about his experience except one instance when he was in Italy as a Forward Observer being shelled so badly one night that his buddy's hair turned white by the next morning. I suspect that Sill arrived at the conclusion of WWII that the Btry Exec could manage 2 more guns - certainly from my point of view 18 rounds on the target instead of 12 was going to make a lot more noise. Can you help me to find anything about where they went and what they did? It consisted of a battery headquarters, operations platoon, communication platoon, an air observation section and a maintenance section. A lieutenant led the small team of 3 or 4 men to a forward outpost to spend up to several days manning a front line position. Top of the safety plate can be seen upper right. Whilst driving their truck under blackout they found a steel wire across the road and stopped. But there is stuff out there and I will put together a page w/links. If the command was left 10, the head of the site would then be moved off of the aiming stakes by that many degrees. The bits and pieces I have seem to point to him being in the 325th FA 84th Infantry Division Railsplitters. The 194th Field Artillery Regiment is a field artillery regiment of the Army National Guard. In 1985, the unit was finally disbanded and most members were merged into the 258th Field Artillery Battalion, Battery-B. It's so important these men are not forgotten. If you have an email I can send them to you. The Employment of Negro Troops. Hope you can help. The effectiveness of German artillery was limited by ammunition shortages that dwarfed those of the Allies. The American guns were a bit heavier than their German counterparts and generally had a longer range. Sorry for the delays. The M1 8-inch howitzer had a range of almost 18,000 meters (eleven miles) and fired a 200-pound shell with great accuracy. But I will pursue Ft. Sill and see what they say--always worth a try! It has only taken a few paragraphs to describe America’s artillery and prime movers because America was able to adequately supply all of its forces with these few types of standard guns and vehicles. CJ Kelly (author) from the PNW on September 25, 2019: Hi Mike, I think I still have the info. At the end of the war each member was given a copy and is called Scatter Come Together. It was very common for the men to be reassigned to other units after the end of hostilities, as some units were rotated home as well as individual personnel based on points. Memorial to the Wereth 11 The unit landed at Normandy in early July 1944 and saw continuous combat as corps artillery throughout the summer. Finally, the guns must be protected from counter-battery fire or other interdiction. 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